Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS may affect about 5 to 10 percent of women. The cause is unknown but it is related to many different factors including insulin resistance, increased hormones called androgens, and irregular or absent mensus.
Symptoms include menstrual disorders, infertility, obesity, abnormal or excessive hair growth, acne, and multiple ovarian cysts.
Although there is no specific test for PCOSm the diagnosis is often made by symptoms and after a physical exam. Blood tests assess hormone levels as well as cholesteral and glucose tolerance test may be helpful. Your doctor may recommend a pelvic ultrasound to check ovaries for cysts and measure the lining of the uterus.
Treatment is often tailored to a woman’s specific symptoms and reproductive plans. Combination birth control pills can help establish normal cycles and reduce hair growth and acne by lowering androgens. Because these women often have absent menses and buildup of the lining of the uterus, there is an increased risk of uterine cancer. Birth control pills help to provide a monthly withdrawal bleed thus decreasing this cancer risk.
For more information, please call our office at 931-393-3484 or visit our website.